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Learn Spanish: Direct Object Pronouns

Learn Spanish Grammar

Spanish Pronunciation
Spanish Gender and Articles
Spanish Subject Pronouns
Spanish Verb Ser
Spanish Plural Nouns and Adjectives
Calendar in Spanish
Spanish Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers
Spanish Prepositions
Telling Time in Spanish
Spanish Verb Hay
Spanish Verbs Present Tense

Spanish Verb Ir
Spanish Verb Tener

Spanish Verb Estar
Ser
vs. Estar

Spanish Possessive Adjectives
Spanish Possessive Pronouns
Spanish Stem-Changing Verbs
Spanish Prepositions Por vs. Para
Spanish Demonstratives
Spanish Direct Object Pronouns
Spanish Indirect Object Pronoun
Direct + Indirect Object Pronouns
Spanish Verb Gustar
Weather in Spanish
Spanish Reflexive Verbs (coming soon)
Spanish Verb Acabar
Spanish Verb Volver
Spanish Past Tense - Pretérito
Spanish Informal Commands
Spanish Plural Familiar Commands
Spanish Nosotros Commands (coming soon)

Spanish Past Tense - Imperfecto
Preterit vs. Imperfect
Spanish Past Participles
Spanish Present Perfect Tense
Spanish Past Perfect Tense
Spanish Formal Commands
Spanish Subjunctive Mood
Spanish Future Tense
Spanish Conditional Tense

 

 

 

Direct Object Pronouns (D.O.P.)

 

Learn Spanish: Direct Object Pronouns in Spanish

This learn Spanish grammar lesson goes over Spanish object pronouns, which can be broken down into direct object pronouns (D.O.P.) and indirect object pronouns (I.O.P.) In this learn Spanish grammar lesson, we will focus on Spanish direct object pronouns. At the end of this lesson, you can click on the link to review the indirect object pronoun in Spanish. The final lesson, page 3, is on using both in a sentence.

In a sentence the object or a person that directly receives the action of the verb is called the Direct Object. The direct object answers the question "what?" or "who?" in regards to what the subject of the sentence is doing.

The Direct Object in each sentance is in bold.

Who? Yo busqué a Maria. I looked for Mary.
Yo la busqué en la universidad. I looked for her in the university
What? María escribió una carta Mary wrote a letter.
María la escribió. Mary wrote it.

Maria is the direct object and la is the direct object pronoun.

Una carta is the direct object and la is the direct object pronoun.

These are the forms:

Me Me
Te You (informal)
Lo Him, You (formal), It (masculine)
La Her, You (formal), It (femine)
Nos Us
Os You all (only used in Spain)
Los Them, You all (masculine)
Las Them, You all (feminine)

In Spanish, the D.O.P. that replaces the direct object when it is a noun must agree in number and gender of the noun.

¿Escribiste un mensaje? Did you write a message?
Sí, lo escribí Yes, I wrote it.

In Spanish, the D.O.P. must be placeed before the verb when there is only one verb.

La comí I ate it.

If there is more than one verb, that is, a conjugated verb + infinitive or gerund of a second verb, then the D.O.P. can be placed in front of the whole verbal structure or attached to the infinitive or gerund creating one word.

INFINITIVE

¿Vas a compar un libro? Are you going to buy a book?
Si, lo voy a comprar. (in front) Yes, I am going to buy it.
Si, voy a comprarlo. (attached) Yes, I am going to buy it.

GERUND

Estas leyendo una novela? Are you reading a novel?
Si, estoy leyendola. (attached) Yes, I am reading it.
Si, la estoy leyendo. (in front) Yes, I am reading it.