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Learn Spanish: Gender & Definite/Indefinte Articles

Learn Spanish Grammar

Spanish Pronunciation
Spanish Gender and Articles
Spanish Subject Pronouns
Spanish Verb Ser
Spanish Plural Nouns and Adjectives
Calendar in Spanish
Spanish Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers
Spanish Prepositions
Telling Time in Spanish
Spanish Verb Hay
Spanish Verbs Present Tense

Spanish Verb Ir
Spanish Verb Tener

Spanish Verb Estar
Ser
vs. Estar

Spanish Possessive Adjectives
Spanish Possessive Pronouns
Spanish Stem-Changing Verbs
Spanish Prepositions Por vs. Para
Spanish Demonstratives
Spanish Direct Object Pronouns
Spanish Indirect Object Pronoun
Direct + Indirect Object Pronouns
Spanish Verb Gustar
Weather in Spanish
Spanish Reflexive Verbs (coming soon)
Spanish Verb Acabar
Spanish Verb Volver
Spanish Past Tense - Pretérito
Spanish Informal Commands
Spanish Plural Familiar Commands
Spanish Nosotros Commands (coming soon)

Spanish Past Tense - Imperfecto
Preterit vs. Imperfect
Spanish Past Participles
Spanish Present Perfect Tense
Spanish Past Perfect Tense
Spanish Formal Commands
Spanish Subjunctive Mood
Spanish Future Tense
Spanish Conditional Tense

 

 

Gender of Nouns and Definite and Indefinite articles

 

Learn Spanish: Gender and Articles in Spanish

This learn Spanish grammar lesson is about understanding that in Spanish, every noun (person, place or thing) has a gender, and that in Spanish, a noun can be either masculine or feminine.

 
Masculine Nouns
Feminine Nouns
Definite Article

el hombre

the man

la mujer

the woman
el libro
the book
la silla
the chair
Undefinite Article
un hombre
a man
una mujer
a woman
un libro
a book
una silla
a chair

Masculine Nouns generally end in – o

Femenine Nouns generally end in – a.

el /un diccionario el / un secretario
la / una computadora la / una profesora

Nouns that finish in – e and refer to people can be either masculine or feminine, so it must be remembered with its masculine or feminine article.

el / un estudiante (masc.)
el / un cliente (masc.)
la / una estudiante (fem.)
la /una cliente (fem.)

Spanish nouns that have other endings must be memorized with its masculine or feminine article.

el hotel
el papel
el inglés
la universidad

There are some nouns that are exception to the basic rules.

el día
la foto
la mano
la moto
el problema

Words ending in ción, sión dad/tad are always feminine.

la nación la mansión la universidad