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Learn Spanish: Informal Commands

Learn Spanish Grammar

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Spanish Subject Pronouns
Spanish Verb Ser
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Spanish Verb Hay
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Spanish Verb Ir
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Spanish Verb Estar
vs. Estar

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Weather in Spanish
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Spanish Verb Acabar
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Spanish Past Tense - Pretérito
Spanish Informal Commands
Spanish Plural Familiar Commands
Spanish Nosotros Commands (coming soon)

Spanish Past Tense - Imperfecto
Preterit vs. Imperfect
Spanish Past Participles
Spanish Present Perfect Tense
Spanish Past Perfect Tense
Spanish Formal Commands
Spanish Subjunctive Mood
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Spanish Conditional Tense



Informal Commands


Learn Spanish: Giving Informal Commands in Spanish

This learn Spanish grammar lesson is about learning how to give informal commands in Spanish. Informal commands are used under the same circumstances that you would refer to someone using "Tú" instead of "Usted." -- basically, all familiar situations such as among family members and friends, established colleagues, friends or classmates, etc., when addressing children, adoloscents or pets, and when a familar relationship has already been established between two or more people.

Informal (Tú) Affirmative Commands

Forming the informal affirmative command is quite easy. You are going to take the infinitive verb, drop the corresponding -ar, -er, or -ir ending and then add the corresponding present tense ending for él/ella. So in other words:

informal (tú) affirmative command = present tense él/ella conjugation

For example:

Informal Affirmative Command
Hablar Habla ¡Habla más alto! Talk louder!
Comer Come ¡Come menos! Eat less!
Vivir Vive ¡Vive en el presente! Live in the present!

Informal commands are the same with irregular verbs. For example:

Dormir (to sleep) - ¡Duerme en tu cama! (Sleep in your bed!)
Devolver (to return something) - Devuelve el libro mañana (Return the book tomorrow)

Irregular Forms of the Informal (Tú) Command

There are 8 verbs that have irregular forms as an Affirmative Informal Command:


Irregular Informal Command Form

decir (to say) di
hacer (to do/make) haz
ir (to go) ve
poner (to put) pon
salir (to leave/go out) sal
ser (to be) se
tener (to have) ten
venir (to come) ven

Informal (Tú) Negative Commands

Forming an informal negative command is not as easy as the affirmative command, but at least there aren't any irregular forms!

To form an informal negative command, you take the infinitive form of the verb, drop the corresponding -ar, -er, or -ir. If it is an -ar verb, then you will add "es" and if it is an -er or -ir verb, you will add "as."

So in other words, the informal negative command is the "Tú" form of the present subjunctive.


Negative Informal Command

Hablar hables ¡No hables demasiado! (Don't talk too much!)
Comer comas No comas eso. (Don't eat that.)
Sufrir (to suffer) sufras No sufras. (Don't suffer)