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Learn Spanish: Past Participles

Learn Spanish Grammar

Spanish Pronunciation
Spanish Gender and Articles
Spanish Subject Pronouns
Spanish Verb Ser
Spanish Plural Nouns and Adjectives
Calendar in Spanish
Spanish Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers
Spanish Prepositions
Telling Time in Spanish
Spanish Verb Hay
Spanish Verbs Present Tense

Spanish Verb Ir
Spanish Verb Tener

Spanish Verb Estar
vs. Estar

Spanish Possessive Adjectives
Spanish Possessive Pronouns
Spanish Stem-Changing Verbs
Spanish Prepositions Por vs. Para
Spanish Demonstratives
Spanish Direct Object Pronouns
Spanish Indirect Object Pronoun
Direct + Indirect Object Pronouns
Spanish Verb Gustar
Weather in Spanish
Spanish Reflexive Verbs (coming soon)
Spanish Verb Acabar
Spanish Verb Volver
Spanish Past Tense - Pretérito
Spanish Informal Commands
Spanish Plural Familiar Commands
Spanish Nosotros Commands (coming soon)

Spanish Past Tense - Imperfecto
Preterit vs. Imperfect
Spanish Past Participles
Spanish Present Perfect Tense
Spanish Past Perfect Tense
Spanish Formal Commands
Spanish Subjunctive Mood
Spanish Future Tense
Spanish Conditional Tense



Past Participles


Learn Spanish: Forming Past Participles in Spanish

This learn Spanish grammar lesson is on forming past participles in Spanish. In languages, a participle is a type of verbal adjective. It indicates that the noun it modifies is a participant in the action that the participle refers to. For example, in English, some past participles include: I have eaten, I have found, etc.

Forming Past Participles in Spanish

In Spanish, the past participle is formed by dropping the endings from the infinitive and adding the corresponding endings:

Infinitive Endings Past Participle Endings Past Participle
habl-ar ado hablado
com-er ido comido
viv-ir ido vivido

Irregular Past Participles

What should be no surprise to you at this point, in Spanish there are some verbs that have irregular past participles. See the list below:

Verb Irregular Past Participle ***
abrir (to open) abierto (opened)
decir (to say) dicho (said )
hacer (to do/make) hecho (done/made)
escribir (to write) escrito (written)
morrir (to die) muerto (dead)
poner (to put) puesto (put)
romper (to break) roto (broken)
ver (to see) visto (seen)
volver (to return) vuelto (returned)

*** Note that verbs containing these verbs within it also form an irregular past participle similarly. For example:

The past participle of the verb describir (to describe) would be descrito.