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Learn Spanish: The Past Perfect

Learn Spanish Grammar

Spanish Pronunciation
Spanish Gender and Articles
Spanish Subject Pronouns
Spanish Verb Ser
Spanish Plural Nouns and Adjectives
Calendar in Spanish
Spanish Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers
Spanish Prepositions
Telling Time in Spanish
Spanish Verb Hay
Spanish Verbs Present Tense

Spanish Verb Ir
Spanish Verb Tener

Spanish Verb Estar
vs. Estar

Spanish Possessive Adjectives
Spanish Possessive Pronouns
Spanish Stem-Changing Verbs
Spanish Prepositions Por vs. Para
Spanish Demonstratives
Spanish Direct Object Pronouns
Spanish Indirect Object Pronoun
Direct + Indirect Object Pronouns
Spanish Verb Gustar
Weather in Spanish
Spanish Reflexive Verbs (coming soon)
Spanish Verb Acabar
Spanish Verb Volver
Spanish Past Tense - Pretérito
Spanish Informal Commands
Spanish Plural Familiar Commands
Spanish Nosotros Commands (coming soon)

Spanish Past Tense - Imperfecto
Preterit vs. Imperfect
Spanish Past Participles
Spanish Present Perfect Tense
Spanish Past Perfect Tense
Spanish Formal Commands
Spanish Subjunctive Mood
Spanish Future Tense
Spanish Conditional Tense



The Past Perfect (Pluperfect) tense


Learn Spanish: The Past Perfect in Spanish

In this learn Spanish grammar lesson, we go over forming the past perfect in Spanish. The Past Perfect is formed by using the imperfect tense of the auxiliary verb Haber with the past participle of the verb that expresses the action or state.

In Spanish, as in English, the past perfect tense express an action, state or event that was already completed before the start of another past action, state or event.

Formation :

Imperfect tense of haber + Past Participle (regular or irregular)

(yo) había hablado

had spoken

(nosotros) habíamos vuelto

had returned

(tú) habías comido

had eaten

(vosotros) habíais tenido

had had

(el,ella,ud) había dicho

had said

(ellos,ellas,Uds) habían escrito


had written

 Cuando la profesora llegó, ustedes ya habían hecho la tarea.
 When the teacher arrived, you had already done your homework.

* Notice that in Spanish the adverb "ya," which means already, is placed before the conjugated verb and never in between verbs as in English.