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Learn Spanish: Possessive Adjectives

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Spanish Subject Pronouns
Spanish Verb Ser
Spanish Plural Nouns and Adjectives
Calendar in Spanish
Spanish Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers
Spanish Prepositions
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Spanish Verb Hay
Spanish Verbs Present Tense

Spanish Verb Ir
Spanish Verb Tener

Spanish Verb Estar
vs. Estar

Spanish Possessive Adjectives
Spanish Possessive Pronouns
Spanish Stem-Changing Verbs
Spanish Prepositions Por vs. Para
Spanish Demonstratives
Spanish Direct Object Pronouns
Spanish Indirect Object Pronoun
Direct + Indirect Object Pronouns
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Weather in Spanish
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Spanish Verb Acabar
Spanish Verb Volver
Spanish Past Tense - Pretérito
Spanish Informal Commands
Spanish Plural Familiar Commands
Spanish Nosotros Commands (coming soon)

Spanish Past Tense - Imperfecto
Preterit vs. Imperfect
Spanish Past Participles
Spanish Present Perfect Tense
Spanish Past Perfect Tense
Spanish Formal Commands
Spanish Subjunctive Mood
Spanish Future Tense
Spanish Conditional Tense




Possessive Adjectives in Spanish (los adjetivos posesivos)


Learn Spanish: Possessive Adjectives in Spanish

In this learn Spanish grammar lesson, we go over possessive adjectives in Spanish. There are a number of ways to express possession of something.

For example:

The Governer of New York City.
New York City's Governer.

In Spanish, Possessive Adjectives can be expressed in the 1) Short form; or the 2) Long form.

But remember, as discussed in Plural Nouns & Adjectives, the possessive adjective must always agree in gender and number.

Short Form

Subject Pronoun Poss. Adj. (singular) Poss. Adj. (plural) English Translation
yo mi mis my
tu tus your
él/ella/usted su sus his/her/your/its
nosotros   nuestro/a our
vosotros   vuestro/a your (plural)
ellos/ellas/ustedes su sus their/your


The short form of Possessive Adjectives are always placed before the noun.

Also, although su/sus can mean his/her, your, their, its, look to the context of the sentence to understand who has possession.


Mi casa es nuestra casa.
My house is our house.

Mis padres son amables. Sus amigos no son amables.
My parents are nice. Their friends are not nice.

Voy a comprar tus libros por $10.
I'm going to buy your books for $10.

Long Form

Subject Pronoun Poss. Adj. (singular) Poss. Adj. (plural) English Translation
yo mío/mía míos/mías mine
tuyo/tuya tuyos/tuyas yours
él/ella/usted suyo/suya suyos/suyas his/hers/yours
nosotros nuestro/nuestra nuestros/nuestras ours
vosotros vuestro/vuestra vuestros/vuestras yours
ellos/ellas/ustedes suyo/suya suyos/suyas theirs/yours


Using this long form is a way to emphasize who the owner is or to contrast one possessor from another.


La cama tuya es grande.
Your bed is big.

Un amigo mío va a visitar a México.
A friend of mine is going to visit Mexico.

Prefiero el auto mío y no la motocicleta tuya.
I prefer my car and not your motorcycle.