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Learn Spanish: Possessive Adjectives

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Spanish Subject Pronouns
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Spanish Verb Hay
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Spanish Verb Ir
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Spanish Verb Estar
Ser
vs. Estar

Spanish Possessive Adjectives
Spanish Possessive Pronouns
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Spanish Nosotros Commands (coming soon)

Spanish Past Tense - Imperfecto
Preterit vs. Imperfect
Spanish Past Participles
Spanish Present Perfect Tense
Spanish Past Perfect Tense
Spanish Formal Commands
Spanish Subjunctive Mood
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Spanish Conditional Tense

 

 

 

Possessive Adjectives in Spanish (los adjetivos posesivos)

 

Learn Spanish: Possessive Adjectives in Spanish

In this learn Spanish grammar lesson, we go over possessive adjectives in Spanish. There are a number of ways to express possession of something.

For example:

The Governer of New York City.
New York City's Governer.

In Spanish, Possessive Adjectives can be expressed in the 1) Short form; or the 2) Long form.

But remember, as discussed in Plural Nouns & Adjectives, the possessive adjective must always agree in gender and number.

Short Form

Subject Pronoun Poss. Adj. (singular) Poss. Adj. (plural) English Translation
yo mi mis my
tu tus your
él/ella/usted su sus his/her/your/its
nosotros   nuestro/a our
vosotros   vuestro/a your (plural)
ellos/ellas/ustedes su sus their/your

Note:

The short form of Possessive Adjectives are always placed before the noun.

Also, although su/sus can mean his/her, your, their, its, look to the context of the sentence to understand who has possession.

Examples:

Mi casa es nuestra casa.
My house is our house.

Mis padres son amables. Sus amigos no son amables.
My parents are nice. Their friends are not nice.

Voy a comprar tus libros por $10.
I'm going to buy your books for $10.

Long Form

Subject Pronoun Poss. Adj. (singular) Poss. Adj. (plural) English Translation
yo mío/mía míos/mías mine
tuyo/tuya tuyos/tuyas yours
él/ella/usted suyo/suya suyos/suyas his/hers/yours
nosotros nuestro/nuestra nuestros/nuestras ours
vosotros vuestro/vuestra vuestros/vuestras yours
ellos/ellas/ustedes suyo/suya suyos/suyas theirs/yours

Note:

Using this long form is a way to emphasize who the owner is or to contrast one possessor from another.

Examples:

La cama tuya es grande.
Your bed is big.

Un amigo mío va a visitar a México.
A friend of mine is going to visit Mexico.

Prefiero el auto mío y no la motocicleta tuya.
I prefer my car and not your motorcycle.