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Learn Spanish: Subject Pronouns

Learn Spanish Grammar

Spanish Pronunciation
Spanish Gender and Articles
Spanish Subject Pronouns
Spanish Verb Ser
Spanish Plural Nouns and Adjectives
Calendar in Spanish
Spanish Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers
Spanish Prepositions
Telling Time in Spanish
Spanish Verb Hay
Spanish Verbs Present Tense

Spanish Verb Ir
Spanish Verb Tener

Spanish Verb Estar
Ser
vs. Estar

Spanish Possessive Adjectives
Spanish Possessive Pronouns
Spanish Stem-Changing Verbs
Spanish Prepositions Por vs. Para
Spanish Demonstratives
Spanish Direct Object Pronouns
Spanish Indirect Object Pronoun
Direct + Indirect Object Pronouns
Spanish Verb Gustar
Weather in Spanish
Spanish Reflexive Verbs (coming soon)
Spanish Verb Acabar
Spanish Verb Volver
Spanish Past Tense - Pretérito
Spanish Informal Commands
Spanish Plural Familiar Commands
Spanish Nosotros Commands (coming soon)

Spanish Past Tense - Imperfecto
Preterit vs. Imperfect
Spanish Past Participles
Spanish Present Perfect Tense
Spanish Past Perfect Tense
Spanish Formal Commands
Spanish Subjunctive Mood
Spanish Future Tense
Spanish Conditional Tense

 

 

 

Subject Pronouns

 

Learn Spanish: Subject Pronouns in Spanish

This learn Spanish grammar lesson is about understanding subject pronouns in Spanish.

Singular
Plural
Yo I Nosotros/as We
You (informal) Vosotros/as *** You all (informal)
Usted You (formal) Ustedes You all (formal)
Él/Ella He/She Ellos/Ellas They (masc/fem)

*** Note that Vosotros/as is only used in Spain. The rest of the Spanish speaking world uses Ustedes to say "You all."

In Spanish, subject pronouns have masculine and feminine forms.

Él es doctor. He is a doctor.
Ella es doctora. She is a doctor.

Spanish has two forms of you.

The informal you (tú) is used to address somebody the speaker knows well and is around his/her age, whereas, the formal you (usted) is used to address somebody the speaker does not know well or is older than him/her.

eres mi amigo (informal). You are my friend.
Usted es el presidente. (formal). You are the president.

Subject pronouns are not used as frequently in Spanish as they are in English. They are usually omitted. Notice that the pronoun is not used.

Soy inteligente. I am inteligent.

If there is a need for clarification, then the pronoun is used.

Yo soy mexicano, no eres. I am Mexican, you are not.

Usted /Ustedes are both formal pronouns and they abbreviate as Ud. /Uds.

¿Es Ud. el presidente? Are you the president?

In Spanish there is no equivalent of "it" since every noun is either feminine or masculine.

Es grande. It is big.