Gustar - to like
Learn Spanish: Conjugating the Spanish Verb Gustar (to like)
This learn Spanish grammar lesson goes over the Spanish verb Gustar, which literally means to pleasure or give pleasure, but is translated into English as "to like." The Spanish grammar rules for Gustar (and other similarly treated verbs) are applied differently than other verbs you have learned.
In Spanish to express what somebody likes or dislikes use:
gustar + (noun)
|Me gusta el tenis.
||I like tennis.
To express that you like more than one thing use:
gustar + (plural noun or multiple nouns)
|Me gustan las novelas de Cervantes
||I like Cervantes' novels.
To express what somebody likes to do use:
gustar + verb infinitive
|Nos gusta hablar español.
||We like to speak Spanish
If you have paid attention so far, you will have noticed that Gustar is conjugated differently from the ar, er and ir verbs that you are used to.
To express what somebody likes the verb Gustar is always conjugated as gusta when what you like or dislike is singular and as gustan when it's plural.
The IOP (indirect object pronouns) me, te, le, nos, os, les that you learned previously are used in front of gustar to indicate to whom something is pleasing.
In Spanish, gustar really means: to give pleasure. For example:
|Me gusta el tenis is directly translated as: Tennis gives me pleasure.
To clarify the meaning of le or les use:
a + ella/el/usted.
Or for emphasis, use:
a mí, a tí , a nosotros, a ellos, a ellas
<<========= <<========== <<=============
|(A mi) me gusta el chocolate.
||I like chocolate (Chocolate gives me pleasure)
|(A ti ) te gustan los libros.
||You like the books. (The books give you pleasure)
|(A ella) le gusta escribir .
||She likes to write. (Writing gives her pleasure)
|(A nosotros) nos gusta la literatura.
||We like literature. (Literature gives us pleasure)
|(A vosotros) os gustan las frutas
||You (all) like fruits. (Fruits give you (all) pleasure)
|(A ustedes) Les gusta trabajar.
||You (all) like to work. (Working gives you (all) pleasure)
Verbs that follow the same pattern are:
||to bother, to be annoying
||to interest or be interesting