Using Vos – Another Way to Say You in Spanish

This learn Spanish post is about the use of “vos,” which you may have heard of. It’s most commonly heard of and used in Argentina. Just like English has its different variations as used in the United States, England, Australia, etc., Spanish also is spoken differently throughout the various Spanish-speaking countries around the world. The singular subject pronoun for “you” in Spanish is “tú” and “usted,” the informal and formal subject pronouns for you, respectively.

However, if you go to Argentina, rather than “tú,” you will often hear “vos.” It’s commonly used in other Latin America countries, such as Bolivia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Paraguay, and Uruguay.

In Argentina, verbs in the “vos” form are conjugated in the following way:

Rule 1 – stem changing verbs do not undergo the stem-change with Vos:

For example, using tú, the Spanish verb poder would be conjugated as “puedes.” But using vos, it is “podés.”

Rule 2 – add an accent over the “a,” “e” or “i.” For example:

Vos hablás (hablar – to speak). Vos comés (comer – to eat). Vos dormís (dormir – to sleep).

Rule 3 – the Spanish verb Ser is conjugated using vos with “sos.”

E.g., Vos sos muy buena persona (You are a very good person), whereas using “tú,” it would be Tú eres muy buena persona.

Rule 4 – commands using Vos are the same as using Tú, except you add an accent on the “a,” “e,” or “i.” See below for commands with irregular verbs:

Verb Vos

Ser Se Sé
Ir Ve Andá
Hablar Habla Hablá
Comer Come Comé
Dormir Duerme Dormí
Venir Ven Vení
Poner Pon Poné
Salir Sal Salí
Tener Ten Tené
Decir Di Decí
Pedir Pide Pedí

For more info on Vos, check out Wikipedia.


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4 Responses to “Using Vos – Another Way to Say You in Spanish”

  1. tommy says:

    Hi there,
    I live in Bolivia for half a year, before in Argentina for 8 months. I like how the “vos” sounds, for me it makes me feel closer to person who is talking to me. I People in Bolivia still use the “vos” but the argentian accent is the only one, i do like it.Btw i found a nice spanish school in bolivia named instituto exclusivo, for all those who want to study in a decent school.
    Here another useful resource for those who want to learn spanish online

    Have a good day everybody

  2. Hi there. I have spent a year in Uruguay and will be returning in the fall. I found the use of the Vos form easier to get used to than I expected. After awhile, it kind of comes naturally without extra study.

    If you’re interested, I recorded several readings with my Uruguayan teacher and will be posting some Interviews if anybody out there wants to practice Spanish pronunciation.

    You can get to them by clicking the link above.

    Thanks,
    Richard

  3. mk says:

    this is a difficult change for most people to make after being so accustomed to using latin american spanish(besides argentina) and spanish from spain. For me, i corrected myself for about a month everytime I used the wrong form of the verb for ‘you’. I have been in argentina for some months now studying spanish, and have changed spanish schools a few times depending on how much i was paying and how well the classes were taught. I am now taking spanish classes in Expanish, the classes are great as are the prices. Good for those people wanting to tackle things like vos, and other spanish language difficulties.

    Hope that helps!

    http://www.expanish.com

  4. Mike says:

    I found very clean, audible, understandable and much easier to hear Spanish from Peru and Colombia. Their accent is almost plain, and what is more important, I think their pronunciation is better.

    There are a lot free Spanish resources on the web. Here is a video very entertaining with english subs. I think it has been done in Peru.

    http://spanish-lessons.webspanish.com/vocabulary-lesson-shoe-repair-shop/

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