This learn Spanish post is about the use of “vos,” which you may have heard of. It’s most commonly heard of and used in Argentina. Just like English has its different variations as used in the United States, England, Australia, etc., Spanish also is spoken differently throughout the various Spanish-speaking countries around the world. The singular subject pronoun for “you” in Spanish is “tú” and “usted,” the informal and formal subject pronouns for you, respectively.
However, if you go to Argentina, rather than “tú,” you will often hear “vos.” It’s commonly used in other Latin America countries, such as Bolivia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Paraguay, and Uruguay.
In Argentina, verbs in the “vos” form are conjugated in the following way:
Rule 1 - stem changing verbs do not undergo the stem-change with Vos:
For example, using tú, the Spanish verb poder would be conjugated as “puedes.” But using vos, it is “podés.”
Rule 2 - add an accent over the “a,” “e” or “i.” For example:
Vos hablás (hablar - to speak). Vos comés (comer - to eat). Vos dormís (dormir - to sleep).
Rule 3 - the Spanish verb Ser is conjugated using vos with “sos.”
E.g., Vos sos muy buena persona (You are a very good person), whereas using “tú,” it would be Tú eres muy buena persona.
Rule 4 - commands using Vos are the same as using Tú, except you add an accent on the “a,” “e,” or “i.” See below for commands with irregular verbs:
Verb Tú Vos
Ser Se Sé
Ir Ve Andá
Hablar Habla Hablá
Comer Come Comé
Dormir Duerme Dormí
Venir Ven Vení
Poner Pon Poné
Salir Sal Salí
Tener Ten Tené
Decir Di Decí
Pedir Pide Pedí
For more info on Vos, check out Wikipedia.
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